The Monarchist 1.0
Defending the British Crown Commonwealth and the English-Speaking Peoples
English Flag (1272) Scottish Flag (1286) King's Flag (1606) Budge Flag (1707) Grand Union Flag (1776) United States of America Flag (14 June 1777) United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (1801) UK Red Ensign UK White Ensign (1864) UK Blue Ensign Australian Flag (1901) New Zealand Flag (1917) Canadian National Flag (1965)

[+] HONOURING OUR PATRON, SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL, VICTOR OF THE ENGLISH-SPEAKING PEOPLES

[+] HONOURING OUR QUEEN, ELIZABETH THE SECOND, ON THE 80TH YEAR OF HER BIRTH (1926 - 2006)

[+] HONOURING OUR KING, SAINT EDWARD THE CONFESSOR, ON THE 1000TH YEAR OF HIS BIRTH (1005 - 2005)

[+] HONOURING OUR HERO, LORD NELSON, ON THE BICENTENNIAL OF THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR (1805 - 2005)

[+] HONOURING OUR SONS, THE QUEEN'S COMMONWEALTH SOLDIERS KILLED IN THE 'WAR ON TERROR'

[+] HONOURING OUR VETS ON THE 150TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE VICTORIA CROSS (1856 - 2006)

Sunday, January 02, 2005
Salisbury

Honouring Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, KG, GCVO, PC (3 February 183022 August 1903), known as Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and as Viscount Cranborne from 1865 until 1868, was a British statesman and Prime Minister on three occasions, for a total of over 13 years. He was the last British Prime Minister to hold office whilst a member of the House of Lords.

Compared to the flamboyance of Disraeli and Gladstone, the Marquess of Salisbury was a reserved, distant figure, yet he ranks among Britain's longest-serving prime ministers. Adopting a laissez-faire attitude to matters at home, Salisbury's main interests lay in the direction of foreign affairs, especially British interests in Africa. His other political legacy was strengthening the Conservative party by unifying different factions.

Born into an aristocratic family, Salisbury was descended from Lord Burghley, a minister of Queen Elizabeth I. A frail child, prone to depression, he developed a love of books and botany. After gaining a fourth-class degree in mathematics from Oxford, Salisbury set out on a world tour for the good of his health, visiting South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. He returned much stronger, with a keen interest in the British Empire.

Salisbury entered the Commons in 1853 at the age of 23, as MP for Stamford. To earn enough to support himself and his wife, he started writing political articles for journals, gaining him a reputation as a shrewd commentator. His first political post came in 1866, when he was appointed Secretary of State for India under Lord Derby. Less than a year later, he resigned in opposition to plans to extend the electoral franchise. In 1868 Salisbury entered the House of Lords following the death of his father, and Chancellor of Oxford University a year later. He maintained his intellectual interests, building a laboratory at Hatfield House where he experimented with electricity.

When the Conservatives returned to office in 1874, Salisbury became Secretary of State for India under Disraeli. Although their relationship started out stormily, it improved so much that in 1878 Disraeli appointed Salisbury Foreign Secretary. In that role, Salisbury helped to secure peace in the Balkans at the Congress of Berlin. Salisbury took over the Conservative leadership on Disraeli's death in 1881, and reluctantly became prime minister of a minority administration in 1885.

His first administration included legislation on housing the working class, but within months an election cut short his term. Returning to office in 1886, his second administration was much stronger, benefiting from the Liberals' internal strife. Reforms at home included the Local Government Act of 1888, transferring the administration of counties to elected county councils, and the 1891 Free Education Act, abolishing fees for primary education.

Instead of the traditional role of First Lord of the Treasury, Salisbury unusually combined the role of the Prime Minister with that of Foreign Secretary, a demanding double job. Under his direction, the colony of Rhodesia (today's Zimbabwe) was established, with its capital city named Salisbury. The PM's diplomatic skills were demonstrated in 1890-91 through a settlement reached with the other European imperial powers over African territories.

By the time he became prime minister for the third and final time in 1895, Salisbury had become a well-loved elder statesman. Home legislation included the Workmen's Compensation Act of 1897, making the employer liable for accidents at work. Yet there were problems brewing in the Cape Colony in South Africa. The Boer War broke out in 1899, splitting the Cabinet and leading to Salisbury's resignation in 1902. His nephew, Arthur Balfour, replaced him as prime minister.

Salisbury died in 1903 at Hatfield House, his family home in Hertfordshire.

Comments:

Can't see the comments?If you are unable to see the comments, your browser may have javascript turned off or may not support javascript. Check your security settings. Otherwise you can click here to access to comments in regular HTML from the TheirSay! Comment Server.
Elizabeth the Great

The Royal Arms of Canada, 1921

email: themonarchist@rogers.com

[+] LOYAL PROCLAMATION Queen's Personal Flag

[+] THE TORY MANIFESTO Tory Blue

[+] THE WHIGGISH RABBLE Liberal Red

[+] DEFENDERS OF THE REALMS (*)


DEFENDER OF THE FAITH Jerusalem Cross

[+] GOD SAVE THE QUEEN Royal Standard

[+] CHURCH OF ENGLAND England

[+] PATRON SAINTS

[+] THRONE AND ALTAR


KING AND COUNTRY Royal Arms of UK Royal Arms of Canada Royal Arms of Australia Royal Arms of New Zealand

[+] SOVEREIGN OF STATE

[+] FOUNT OF JUSTICE (*)

[+] QUEEN-IN-PARLIAMENT (*)

[+] COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF UK Joint Services Flag

[+] COLONEL-IN-CHIEF British Army Flag

[+] HER MAJESTY'S SHIPS Naval Ensign

[+] FOUNTAIN OF HONOUR Most Noble Order of the Garter

[+] PATRON OF THE ARTS

[+] HEAD OF COMMONWEALTH Queen's Personal Flag


LORD OF THE BLOG

[+] BLOG PATRON

[+] GENTLEMEN SCRIBES

[+] DISTINGUISHED GUESTS

[+] HEREDITARY PEERS British Union Jack

[+] BLOGGING TORIES Canada

[+] RED ENSIGN BRIGADE Red Ensign

[+] KIWI BLOGS Red Ensign

[+] WITANAGEMOT CLUB England

[+] ROYAL ARCHIVES Royal Standard